Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. The PPF is considered an A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region. Generally, life cycle of fruit fly indicated six development stages: mating, oviposition, egg, larvae, pupae and adults while the larval have three development stages (1st, 2ndand 3rdinstar). Biochemistry and Pharmacology 2:114. Economic importance: The PPF attacks many fruit trees and is a major pest of peach, mango and guava. … 0000004335 00000 n 2000. within one estimated life cycle, within an area of 9 km radius. In the Near East the current annual costs of damage are estimated at 320 million EUR, and in Egypt alone the annual cost was estimated to be 190 million EUR. and Naseem, S. 2013. 61 0 obj <>stream 0000157492 00000 n Diptera: Tephritidae. In this study; the total life cycle from egg to adult was 29.7± 0.15days at 25°C.The life cycle of A. daci form egg to adult was 10-12 days at (24-26 °C) and 54-56%R.H. Lures usually remain effective for about one month. 0000004861 00000 n 0000141536 00000 n Field evaluation of various dispensers for methyl eugenol, an attractant of Dacus zonatus. 0000010423 00000 n The characters noted here are sufficient to separate B. zonata from all other known species of Dacini. They overwinter in the larval or pupal stages. Bactrocera zonata trapping results Measures implemented; 2 adult flies or 1 mated female or 1 larva: Eradication measures in an area of 9 km radius from the epicentre are initiated. Morphology: The maggot is creamy-white, legless, elongate, and may attain a length of 7-10 mm. 0000020918 00000 n 0000003001 00000 n Duyck PF(1), Sterlin JF, Quilici S. Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species. >5 adult male flies or an unmated female and a male or one mated female, or a larva or This document is EENY-083 (originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars No. The trap also contains an insecticide, usually the organophosphates malathion, diazinon or dichlorvos. Hosts: polyphagous on a variety of fruits. The peach fruit fl y, Bactrocera zonata, is an economically important pest. OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 35: 371–373. Qureshi, Z .A ., Siddiqui, Q.H. and Hussain, T. 1992. 0000004234 00000 n 0000015045 00000 n 0000020621 00000 n EENY-083 Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) 1 H. V. Weems, J. a. Adly, D. 2016. Bactrocera dorsalis, previously known as Dacus dorsalis and commonly referred to as the oriental fruit fly, is a species of tephritid fruit fly that is endemic to Southeast Asia.It is one of the major pest species in the genus Bactrocera with a broad host range of cultivated and wild fruits. Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor in … Bactrocera zonata: procedure for official control.40: 390–395. Their eggs and larvae are well protected and found inside the host. Bactrocera carambolae, also known as the carambola fruit fly, is a fruit fly species in the family Tephritidae, and is native to Asia. In the African region, it has been reported in Egypt, Mauritius and Reunion. Bactrocera were found, B.dorsalis and B.zonata, which attack on mango orchards, (Stone house et al., 2002). 0 In past years, this species has invaded South America via the trade of fruits from Indonesia. Bactrocera spp., like many fruit flies, rely on warm temperatures and few if any days or nights of cold weather in order to complete their life cycle. Bactrocera zonata is about the size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour. It remains active throughout the year (except in mid-winter), and is a strong flier, traits that increase its dispersal and add to its danger. Action Plan Peach Fruit Fly Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). This species was discovered by Drew and Hancock in 1994. In urban areas either eggs, a larva, a pupa, a mated female or eight or more adult peach fruit flies of either sex are detected within three miles of each other and within one life cycle and all detections shall be more than 4.5 miles from any commercial host production area; or. 21 and 303),, one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology First-instar larvae were oval, transluscent and white, with brownish to black mouthparts. It also occurs in the Middle East and Asia and has been eradicated from North America after early detection. J5�2H%�N`;�yGx�d�Ư�v \������(��r���̲����-1c[A��2��������3��c��;��@� �������k�f�; X<2� Bait sprays are applied only to “hot spots” where the pest has been found, thus minimizing any effects on natural enemies. Insecticide resistance in Bactocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in District, Sargodha, Pakistan. startxref Morphological identification of fruit flies is mainly performed on adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages. 0000017641 00000 n 0000121004 00000 n 0000025640 00000 n 0000164593 00000 n 0000053074 00000 n The life cycle from eggs to male (146.95 ± 3.43 d) and female (164.94 ± 3.85 d) adults was significantly longer on papaya than those on banana and guava. b. The oil glands are not punctured because oil kills the eggs. 0000021024 00000 n A new distribution map is provided for Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). The incubation period was 1-2 days. Traps or blocks of cotton cord impregnated with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are placed throughout the infested orchard. Depending on the climate, PFF may raise several annual generations. 0000019870 00000 n 0000090240 00000 n Newly laid eggs were slightly curved, elongated and tapering towards either end. Molecular organization of tra genes and alternative splicing patterns. H��W�r�F}�W�#�'�+y�yˉ/Y�[{q� � �h �������_��=�HP�S�n�$�6=ݧO���8Q�mS��Zxm�?s�=?����4���hu�z;��h&2�� i|��fBjk��0��Oo�X���B�?J(c�5Fx�H�xQl��v2W��yP2s���9|���3zdLv�He/L�H=!��d5�3~�J2���H�%�N�q���L�DK��s�(|%��������_K�������R��?r��b��b���b��pA9����S���� NĢ�?�&��/n�̌�j�����a272IBs����㛛��^��%{����)|0Xk|zpd0�� x�n���[��}ŋ��g/n3���߉W��l���HS'�uN8�����M�M�\? The adult peach fruit fly (PFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 to 6 m millimeters (mm) in length. 0000105328 00000 n During the warmer hours of the day they disperse and fly actively. Tephritidae. The peach fruit fl y has many host plants but prefers 2005. 0000111600 00000 n Bactrocera zonata. 2001. Web sites: https://www.google.co.il/search?q=bactrocera+zonata&biw=1024&bih=695&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0CBoQsARqFQoTCJO8jty5wcgCFUnSGgodYCkBYQ, Uri Gerson Yaqoob, R., Tahir, H.M., Khan, S.Y. dedicated to the memory of, https://www.google.co.il/search?q=bactrocera+zonata&biw=1024&bih=695&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0CBoQsARqFQoTCJO8jty5wcgCFUnSGgodYCkBYQ. Thermal requirements of the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae), and its exotic parasitoid species Aganaspis daci (Weld) (Hymenoptera: Eucoilidae). 0000000016 00000 n Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae, larvae … Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate,! J. bactrocera zonata life cycle Nation, and Dowell, R.V treatment of citrus pests in the Middle East Indian. 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