It says in Acts 1:13-16 that the disciples were present in the upper room (v. 13) and that Mary was with them (v. 14). Peter now forcefully draws his sermon to a close: 33 So then, exalted to the right hand of God, and having received the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father, he has poured out what you both see and hear. (Joel 2:2, emphasis mine). Even before I attended seminary, I had set a high standard for the preaching of others. The ministry of Jesus the Nazarene was attested by God the Father to be of divine origin. I n looking again at what happened on the Day of Pentecost (), I saw the impact of that day was not only that the 120 received the Baptism in the Holy Spirit and spoke with tongues, but that it was a day of the outpouring of the Gift of Prophecy. 32 This Jesus God raised up, and we are all witnesses of it” (Acts 2:29-32). 13 So I will shake the heavens, and the earth will shake loose from its foundation, because of the fury of the Lord who leads armies, in the day he vents his raging anger (Isaiah 13:9-13). God raised Jesus from the dead, and the apostles were all witnesses of this fact. 10 The crops of the fields have been destroyed. The book of Acts was written by Luke. To be “Lord,” then, was to be God. STUDIES IN ACTS (Chapters 1 – 3) by Francis Dixon Study verses: Acts 2:14-36. He promised that they, too, would receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. . Determining who Jesus is and whether you will submit to Him, and receive His salvation, is the most important decision you will ever make. In view of this, shortly before his ascension into heaven, the Lord proclaimed: “Thus it is written, that the Christ should suffer, and rise again from the dead the third day; and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name unto all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem” (Luke 24:46, 47). By using Learn Religions, you accept our, Points of Interest From the Day of Pentecost Account, A Christian Perspective on the Feast of Pentecost, What It Means to Be Baptized in the Holy Spirit, Pentecost Sunday and the Coming of the Holy Spirit. 15 You were blameless in your behavior from the day you were created, until sin was discovered in you. Do not take this matter lightly. Then Jesus said, “When you lift up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he, and I do nothing on my own initiative, but I speak just what the Father taught me” (John 8:28). This was the substance of Peter’s great confession: 15 He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” 16 Simon Peter answered, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God” (Matthew 16:15-16). His audience was peculiarly stimulating. 5 In other words, Joel 3:1 in the Septuagint is actually Joel 2:28 in our English Bibles. Peter said on that day. Jack Zavada is a writer who covers the Bible, theology, and other Christianity topics. The word used here for “Lord” was the Greek word often employed in the Septuagint to translate the Hebrew word for Yahweh. He explained that the people were not drunk, but empowered by the Holy Spirit. Perhaps the double reference is most apparent in Isaiah 14 and Ezekiel 28, where human kings are rebuked, yet they are described in Satan-like terms. Who preached the good news to the Jews? John the Baptist saw the coming wrath of God as near (see Matthew 3:10-12). Robert L. (Bob)Deffinbaugh graduated from Dallas Theological Seminary with his Th.M. After this, Jesus was taken up into heaven, and the disciples returned to Jerusalem where they spent much time together in prayer, waiting for the promised Spirit. Call upon Him who is both Lord and Christ; call upon Him who died in your place and who was raised from the dead for salvation. 10 Indeed the stars in the sky and their constellations no longer shine; the sun is darkened as soon as it rises, and the moon does not shine. This is the good news. Trust in Jesus as the One who died in your place, bearing the penalty for your sins, and you will experience the forgiveness of your sins and the blessed hope of eternity in His presence. As I understand verse 4, it was actually a sequence of locust attacks, the end result of which was that Israel was left a barren wasteland, that was finally consumed with fire (Joel 1:19-20). How often our knowledge of God’s Word is only partial. I. According to the prophet Joel, the outpouring of the Spirit signaled the nearness of the “day of the Lord.” This was not only a day of restoration for Israel, it was a day of judgment on all those who had mistreated His people. Peter therefore declares that God the Father was intimately involved in the ministry of the Lord Jesus. When God made His covenant with Israel, He warned that if Israel disregarded His covenant He would bring the plagues of Egypt upon her: 58 “If you refuse to obey all the words of this law, the things written in this scroll, and refuse to fear this glorious and awesome name, the Lord your God, 59 then the Lord will increase your punishments and those of your descendants—great and long-lasting afflictions and severe, enduring illnesses. Such a plague should not come as a great surprise. 3 Tell your children about it, and have your children tell their children, and their children the following generation (Joel 1:2-3, emphasis mine). 31 The sunlight will be turned to darkness and the moon to the color of blood, before the day of the Lord comes— that great and terrible day! 21 And then everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved’” (Acts 2:17-21). It is also the teaching of the Apostle Paul: 7 But to each one of us grace was given according to the measure of the gift of Christ. The disciples pressed Jesus regarding the exact timing of the restoration of the kingdom to Israel but Jesus refused to supply this information, insisting instead that they were to be empowered to be His witnesses, beginning in Jerusalem and spreading from there to all Judea, Samaria, and the remotest part of the earth (Acts 1:6-8). As Joel indicates (Joel 2:2), this plague will be accompanied by cosmic events that are associated with the “day of the Lord”: The earth quakes before them; the sky reverberates. The Chapel believes the material presented herein to be true to the teaching of Scripture, and desires to further, not restrict, its potential use as an aid in the study of God’s Word. Acts of the Apostles. 16 In the abundance of your trade you were filled with violence, and you sinned; so I defiled you and banished you from the mountain of God, the guardian cherub expelled you from the midst of the stones of fire. Why would we be surprised to hear that the work of the Son is also the work of the Father, when Jesus made such a point of emphasizing that He did what the Father did, and what the Father gave Him to do? the day. We must recognize that “he” in verse 33 refers to our Lord Jesus. 34 For David did not ascend into heaven, but he himself says, ‘The Lord said to my lord, “Sit at my right hand 35 until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”’, 36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know beyond a doubt that God has made this Jesus whom you crucified both Lord and Christ.”. Does debt affect giving in modern times in light of the Israelite tithe and slaves? Those whom Peter addressed were Jews,13 many of whom were devout Jews,14 but they had also joined with those who called for the crucifixion of Jesus.15 Peter warned these Jews that the day of God’s wrath was near and that they would be the objects of that wrath. Fifty days after the resurrection of Jesus, He pours the Spirit out on the believers and a harvest of souls will be won, the beginning of a new harvest which will include Gentiles. No, David had to be speaking of someone other than himself when he claimed that God’s Holy One would not see corruption. Peter. Let me illustrate from Ezekiel 28: 11 The word of the Lord came to me: 12 “Son of man, lament for the king of Tyre, and say to him, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: “‘You were the signet ring of perfection,full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty. David was foretelling the resurrection of Jesus Christ. ; John 1:1-3), so the Father and the Son were both involved in the sending of the Spirit. 12 I will make human beings more scarce than pure gold, and people more scarce than gold from Ophir. This began to unfold on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:38f). First, it is a promise that God will send His Spirit upon His people as the time of Israel’s restoration and blessing draws near (Joel 2:28-29). Q. So what hinders you from doing so? How unsearchable are his judgments and how fathomless his ways! This is a Pentecost sermon because this day that Peter preached was Pentecost. Many Christians mark this date as the beginning of the Christian Church as we know it. It was very severe; there had been no locusts like them before, nor will there be such ever again.6 15 They covered the surface of all the ground, so that the ground became dark, and they ate all the vegetation of the ground and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. 29 “Brothers, I can speak confidently to you about our forefather David, that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. It is available on the Internet at: www.netbible.org. Joel’s prophecy might not have come to mind at such a time of celebration. what book of the Bible tells about Pentecost? (vii) He preached the word of God. The God who offers men forgiveness for their sins and an eternity of bliss in His presence is also the God who takes the rejection of His blessed Son seriously. In addition, anyone who wants to share the Bible with others can print unlimited copies and give them away free to others. His sermon is all about this text, as I hope to show in this message. 32 It will so happen that everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be delivered. The explanation of Pentecost, Peter declared, was to be found in the Old Testament Book of Joel. All Israel needed to know that God had made Jesus the Nazarene both Lord and Christ. This is the edited manuscript of Lesson 4 in the Studies in the Book of Acts series prepared by Robert L. Deffinbaugh on October 23, 2005. the day on which the church celebrates the coming of the Holy Spirit upon the disciples. It was this claim which prompted such a strong reaction from those who opposed Jesus: 17 So he told them, “My Father is working until now, and I too am working.” 18 For this reason the Jewish leaders were trying even harder to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was also calling God his own Father, thus making himself equal with God (John 5:17-18). We should remember that one of the judgments God brought upon Egypt was a locust plague: 12 And the Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come up over the land of Egypt and eat everything that grows in the ground, all that the hail has left.” 13 So Moses extended his rod over the land of Egypt, and then the Lord brought an east wind on the land all that day and all night. There was no harvest of barley or of wheat: 9 No one brings grain offerings or drink offerings to the temple of the Lord anymore. For on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there will be those who survive, just as the Lord has promised; the remnant will be those whom the Lord will call (Joel 2:28-32). It is worth noting that the three sections I have suggested follow the chapter divisions of the Septuagint (the Greek translation of the Old Testament – the version of the Old Testament frequently cited by the New Testament writers).5. This is clearly the teaching of our Lord and the apostles: 37 On the last day of the feast, the greatest day, Jesus stood up and shouted out, “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me, and 38 let the one who believes in me drink. To be “the Christ” was to be the Messiah, the anointed One who would suffer and die for the sins of men. 13 Get dressed and lament, you priests! The morning came, and the east wind had brought up the locusts! And when Jesus was put to death, God raised Him from the dead, a vindication of His claim to be the promised Messiah. The sincere among this crowd wanted to know the meaning of what they heard, while others merely mocked, attributing what they heard to excessive drinking (Acts 2:12). His death was part of God’s eternal purpose, even though sinful men played a role in it. Like Simeon they waited for the consolation of Israel. These things were prophesied in the Old Testament. P 435 Peter 34.Who were Ananias and Sapphira? And so he cites Joel 2:28-32, with only a few slight modifications: 17 “‘And in the last days it will be,’ God says, ‘that I will pour out my Spirit on all people, and your sons and your daughters will prophesy, and your young men will see visions, and your old men will dream dreams. The day of Pentecost marks the birth of the New Testament Church and we find the account of the events that took place on that day in Acts 2. A belief in the real presence of the Holy Spirit as described in this account of the Day of Pentecost is integral to the Christian faith. When Joel promised that the Holy Spirit would be poured out on “all people” (Acts 2:17; citing Joel 2:28), he meant “all people,” and not just Jewish people. With the Holy Spirit's empowerment, Peter preached boldly to them about Jesus Christ and God's plan of salvation. Instead, Satan is described. Like the wind, fire is also associated with God's presence in the Bible (Exodus 3:2). Peter makes certain that his audience understands that here, as before (in verses 25-31), David was not speaking of himself, but rather of the Christ. 18 Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days, and they will prophesy. It is a three-part promise. In self defense, I established my “five minute rule” – once he began to preach, I gave the preacher five minutes to get to his text. 9 As a result God exalted him and gave him the name that is above every name, 10 so that at the name of Jesus every knee will bow —in heaven and on earth and under the earth— 11 and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father (Philippians 2:5-11).11. Joel 1 describes a literal locust plague. 35 Or who has first given to God, that God needs to repay him? Thus the New Living Translation renders Exodus 10:14: “And the locusts swarmed over the whole land of Egypt, settling in dense swarms from one end of the country to the other. ", Learn Religions uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. 20 The sun will be changed to darkness and the moon to blood before the great and glorious day of the Lord comes. They, along with the Gentiles who participated in the execution of Jesus, were responsible for His death. Who would doubt that David’s body had suffered corruption and decay in that tomb? 21 And then everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.’1. 19 And I will perform wonders in the sky above and miraculous signs on the earth below, blood and fire and clouds of smoke. Since Peter chooses to cite from the middle of the Book of Joel, it would be wise to briefly look at the message of the entire book, in order to gain insight into the portion of Joel that Peter has chosen to quote. 9 But just as it is written, “Things that no eye has seen, or ear heard, or mind imagined, are the things God has prepared for those who love him” (1 Corinthians 2:9). Bob is a pastor/teacher and elder at Community Bible Chapel in Richardson, Texas, and has contributed many of his Bible study series for use by the Foundation. For now let us consider some of the lessons for us from this sermon. 14 Announce a holy fast; proclaim a sacred assembly. From this background, let us seek to learn how Peter uses Joel 2:28-32 to explain the meaning of the miraculous events that have just occurred in Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost. 25 For David says about him, ‘I saw the Lord always in front of me, for he is at my right hand so that I will not be shaken. 14 I placed you there with an anointed guardian cherub; you were on the holy mountain of God; you walked in the midst the stones of fire. 8 In Joel, as elsewhere in Scripture, the “day of the Lord” is always represented as “near.” If one were to gauge the nearness of God’s coming wrath in terms of the magnitude of our sin (rather than in terms of time), I suspect that we could always say that the day of His wrath is near. He is the author "Hope for Hurting Singles: A Christian Guide to Overcoming Life's Challenges. 15 In spite of what you think, these men are not drunk, for it is only nine o’clock in the morning. Life was brought to Adam's physical body when God breathed into his nostrils (Genesis 2:7). Red flowers may adorn alters and other areas. Now I believe that the Scriptures are clear on this fact. Answers (i) He baptized new converts. Israel’s devastation as described in Joel 1 would seem to surpass the desctruction Egypt suffered. The one who preaches represents the King and speaks for the King, and this conception of preaching must control all that is done in preaching. Jesus was the first-born from the dead, the first fruits, if you would, of the resurrection. To him be glory forever! 5 For John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.” 6 So when they had gathered together, they began to ask him, “Lord, is this the time when you are restoring the kingdom to Israel?” 7 He told them, “You are not permitted to know the times or periods that the Father has set by his own authority. 26 You will have plenty to eat, and your hunger will be fully satisfied; you will praise the name of the Lord your God, who has acted wondrously in your behalf. 1 Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations are from the NET Bible. It came on the 50th day (the Greek pentekostas) after the presentation of the harvest’s first fruits. Come, spend the night in sackcloth, you servants of my God, because no one brings grain offerings or drink offerings to the temple of your God anymore (Joel 1:5, 13). Jesus had described the Spirit as wind before It does not really seem to matter a great deal as the date of the locust plague is not indicated, nor does it have a great bearing on the interpretation and application of the message of Joel. But not everyone in Jerusalem responded so well to the preaching on that day. 26 Therefore my heart was glad and my tongue rejoiced; my body also will live in hope, 27 because you will not leave my soul in Hades, nor permit your Holy One to experience decay. 32 This Jesus God raised up, and we are all witnesses of it. To relegate this day to the OT and Jews only - in my view, is completely absurd. In some ways, the Book of Joel was an ideal text for Peter to cite. the Holy Spirit came upon the disciples as Jesus promised. The words that I say to you, I do not speak on my own initiative, but the Father residing in me performs his miraculous deeds” (John 14:10). Just as Joel spoke of Gentiles enduring the wrath of God (chapter 3), so Peter warned his Jewish audience about this same wrath. (iii) He was filled with the power of the Holy Spirit. (v) He stood up and defended the apostles. Acts 1 began with the report that Jesus not only rose from the dead, but that He appeared to His disciples and others for a period of forty days, during which He taught them about the kingdom of God (Acts 1:1-3). Let us not miss the point at which Peter ends his citation from Joel: “‘And then everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved’” (Acts 2:21). 1. Sermon – Acts 2 – The Day of Pentecost – preached @ FCC 10/12/08. May 5, 2017. 8 “Indeed, my plans are not like your plans, and my deeds are not like your deeds, 9 for just as the sky is higher than the earth, so my deeds are superior to your deeds and my plans superior to your plans” (Isaiah 55:8-9). This sounds very much like the description of the “day of the Lord” elsewhere, such as in Isaiah 13: 9 Look, the Lord’s day of judgment is coming; it is a day of cruelty and savage, raging anger, destroying the earth and annihilating its sinners. Pentecost was a festive and joyful celebration of the end of the barley harvest and the beginning of the wheat harvest. Sermon Preached by Maria McDowell on Sunday, May 30, 2004. On the Day of Pentecost, the Holy Spirit came and filled the apostles in a spectacular display. 34 For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor? Taking the gospel message to heart, Acts 2:41 records that about 3,000 people were baptized and added to the fledgling Christian church on that Day of Pentecost. Every precious stone was your covering, the ruby, topaz, and diamond, the beryl, onyx, and jasper, the sapphire, turquoise, and emerald; your settings and engravings were made of gold. To gain eternal life in heaven, there is only one right response: Repent of your sins, be baptized in the name of Jesus, and turn to Him for salvation. Anyone is at liberty to use this lesson for educational purposes only, with or without credit. 11 Be distressed, farmers; wail, wine dressers, over the wheat and the barley. But did they obey it? No, they did not. The third section begins with the text that Peter cited at the beginning of his sermon at Pentecost. After they were filled with the Holy Spirit, the Bible says the 12 disciples performed, Right from the start of the church, as demonstrated on this Day of Pentecost in the book of Acts, God offered salvation to all nations. No matter what the text, the old theme arose week after week. After being filled with the Holy Spirit, Peter preached and around 3,000 were saved. Therefore, the plague of locusts was an indication of great sin on the part of Israel, and thus also of divine indignation on the part of God. Preaching Is Verbal. The festival of Pentecost is celebrated fifty days after Passover. It spoke of the “day of the Lord” and called Jews to repentance, with the hope that God would be merciful and restore Israel to God’s blessings. Today, we celebrate the revelation of the Trinity, the coming of the Holy Spirit, the day tradition views as the beginning of the Church. Even before I attended seminary, I had set a high standard for the preaching of others. Those who stood before Peter witnessed some of these attesting signs: “Men of Israel, listen to these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man clearly attested to you by God with powerful deeds, wonders, and miraculous signs that God performed among you through him, just as you yourselves know (Acts 2:22). (Ref: Acts 2:1-) This very day is also fundamentally the birth of the NT church. The manner in which it was to be kept is described in Lev. For the harvest of the field has perished (Joel 1:9-11). Verse 27 goes beyond anything David can claim for himself. 13 Get dressed and lament, you priests! The coming of the Spirit transformed Peter into one of the earliest leaders of the budding church. meaning of "Pentecost" fiftieth (50th day after Passover) what happened on Pentecost? Those who reject Jesus as the Messiah, Lord, and Christ will suffer divine wrath, a wrath that is drawing near. The accompanying sound from heaven attracted a large crowd, many of whom were devoutly religious. “But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I am going away. These Hellenistic Jews heard the mighty works of God proclaimed in their own native tongue. He simply replied, “It is too early in the morning for that!” Folks didn’t start drinking that early in the morning, and so the charge was seen to be senseless. And since the “day of the Lord” is near, don’t delay. But the “day of the Lord” is a day of wrath for all who have rejected Him as Messiah. A large number of them had come from distant lands to reside in Jerusalem (to be there when Messiah appeared?). I have not come on my own initiative, but he sent me” (John 8:42). And when Peter was done preaching on the Day of Pentecost, verse 41 tells us there were three thousand more Christians than there were before! 26 Therefore my heart was glad and my tongue rejoiced; my body also will live in hope, 27 because you will not leave my soul in Hades, nor permit your Holy One to experience decay. God does not show partiality. Thus, their guilt was greater than the guilt of the heathen. They had the Word of God. 40 For just as Jonah was in the belly of the huge fish for three days and three nights, so the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights” (Matthew 12:38-40). in 1971. Your sons and daughters will prophesy. Just as the Father and the Son were involved in creation (Genesis 1:1ff. They had seen Jesus alive from the dead less than two weeks earlier! ‘The Lord said to my lord, “Sit at my right hand 35 until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”’ 36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know beyond a doubt that God has made this Jesus whom you crucified both Lord and Christ” (Acts 2:33-36). I like to start my day with a morning devotional, and usually I ask God in my prayer time for the filling of the Holy Spirit. Indeed, Romans 1:18-32 (note the present tense in verse 18) would seem to say that God’s wrath is presently being revealed as He gives men over to a depraved mind and to a depraved lifestyle. The rushing wind filling the whole house is reminiscent of the presence of God filling the temple in the Old Testament (2 Chronicles 7:1; Ezekiel 43:5). Sermon preached on the Day of Pentecost (4 June 2017) by the Reverend Canon Michael Hampel, Precentor On the Day of Pentecost The Reverend Canon Michael Hampel looks at "the overflowing love of God through the Holy Spirit", just hours after an attack in … The Jews in Jerusalem rejected Him as their Messiah and took part in the conspiracy which resulted in His death. Elsewhere see Isaiah 13:6, 9; Ezekiel 13:5; 30:3; Amos 5:18, 20; Obadiah 1:15; Zephaniah 1:7, 14; Malachi 4:5; 1 Corinthians 5:5; 1 Thessalonians 5:2; 2 Thessalonians 2:2; 2 Peter 3:10. Let us listen well to these words, bearing in mind that thousands came to faith through this sermon. Acts 20:16 For Paul had determined to sail by Ephesus, because he would not spend the time in Asia: for he hasted, if it were possible for him, to be at Jerusalem the day of Pentecost. THE CIRCUMSTANCES IN WHICH PETER PREACHED. 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